Qingxu Huang, Shiting Meng, Chunyang He, Yinyin Dou, Qiang Zhang. Rapid Urban Land Expansion in Earthquake-Prone Areas of China[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2019, 10(1): 43-56. doi: 10.1007/s13753-018-0207-4
Citation: Qingxu Huang, Shiting Meng, Chunyang He, Yinyin Dou, Qiang Zhang. Rapid Urban Land Expansion in Earthquake-Prone Areas of China[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2019, 10(1): 43-56. doi: 10.1007/s13753-018-0207-4

Rapid Urban Land Expansion in Earthquake-Prone Areas of China

doi: 10.1007/s13753-018-0207-4
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This research was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41621061 and 41501092), the Beijing Nova Program (Grant No. Z181100006218049), and the 111 Project "Hazard and Risk Science Base at Beijing Normal University" under Grant No. B08008 (Ministry of Education and State Administration of Foreign Expert Affairs of China).

  • Available Online: 2021-04-26
  • A timely understanding of urban expansion in earthquake-prone areas is crucial for earthquake risk assessment and urban planning for earthquake mitigation. However, a comprehensive evaluation of urban expansion in earthquake-prone areas is lacking in China, especially in the context of rapid urbanization. Based on time series urban land data and seismic ground-motion parameter zonation maps, this study analyzed urban expansion in the most seismically hazardous areas (MSHAs) of China from 1992 to 2015 on the national, regional, and city scales. The results show that urban land area in the MSHAs expanded by 6767 km2 from 1992 to 2015, with a gain of 350%. Specifically, the increase in urban land area of small cities in the MSHAs of western China during this period was the fastest, 6.24 times greater than that at the national level. In terms of spatial patterns, the urban land patches in the MSHAs in 2015 were more fragmented than those in 1992 on all scales. The percentage of change in the number of patches and the landscape shape index of the urban land patches of small cities in the MSHAs of western China were the highest across all cities. Therefore, we believe that special attention should be paid to the cities in the MSHAs that exhibit the most rapid increases in both urban land area and fragmentation, especially the small cities in western China. It is imperative to integrate earthquake mitigation into the urban planning of these cities.
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