Rajib Shaw. Thirty Years of Science, Technology, and Academia in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emerging Responsibilities[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 414-425. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00264-z
Citation: Rajib Shaw. Thirty Years of Science, Technology, and Academia in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emerging Responsibilities[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 414-425. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00264-z

Thirty Years of Science, Technology, and Academia in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emerging Responsibilities

doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00264-z
  • Available Online: 2021-04-26
  • The 1990 initiation of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction marked its 30th year in 2019. The three decades since then have seen significant developments in science and technology and their incorporation into the decision making in the field of disaster risk reduction. The disasters that have occurred during that time have enhanced the importance of the field, and new research and innovations have evolved. This article summarizes this evolution through the review of specific milestones. While the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 provides opportunities for synergies with the sustainable development agenda, the science and technology communities have also changed their roles from advisory to co-designing and co-delivering solutions. Higher education plays an important role in developing new generations of professionals, and the role of thematic incubation in higher education institutions is highlighted along with the development of the professional society in disaster risk reduction. The evolution from Society 4.0 (information age) to Society 5.0 will see an enhanced role of the technology-driven approach in disaster risk reduction, while traditional knowledge and indigenous technologies still remain valid for society. Scientists and science communities need to be more sensitive to changing the “last mile” concept to “first mile” thinking with respect to the users' needs and perspectives.
  • loading
  • Aitsi-Selmi, A., V. Murray, C. Wannous, C. Dickinson, D. Johnson, A. Kawasaki, A.-S. Stevance, and T. Yeung. 2016. Reflections on a science and technology agenda for 21st century disaster risk reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 7(1): 1–29.
    Cabinet Office. 2017. Society 5.0: Every day, in every way, the future is just half a step away. Tokyo: Public Relation Office, Government of Japan. https://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/society5_0/manufacturing_e.html. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
    CDRI (Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure). 2020. Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure. https://resilientinfra.org. Accessed 7 Mar 2020.
    CIPG (Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance). 2018. Can mobile phones improve disaster preparedness? A survey-based analysis on the impact of AtmaGo. Jakarta: CIPG. https://atmaconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/AtmaGo-CIPG-2018-Can-mobile-phones-improve-disaster-preparedness_fin.pdf. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
    Cruz, A.M., and M.C. Saurez-Paba. 2019. Advances in Natech research: An overview. Progress in Disaster Science 1: Article 100013.
    Elsevier. 2017. A global outlook on disaster science. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    ICSU (International Science Council). 2008. A science plan for integrated research on disaster risk: Addressing the challenge of natural and human-induced environmental hazards. Paris: ICSU. https://council.science/publications/a-science-plan-for-integrated-research-on-disaster-risk/. Accessed 13 Nov 2019.
    IDRC (International Disaster and Risk Conference). 2014. International Disaster and Risk Conference, Integrative risk management: The role of science, technology and practice. IDRC Davos 2014 Outcome Report. https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=09000016800c7356. Accessed 5 Dec 2016.
    IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2012. Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation, ed. C.B. Field, V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2018. Summary for policymakers. In Global warming of 1.5℃. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5℃ above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty, ed. V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, H.O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma-Okia, et al., 159-174. Geneva: IPCC.
    ITU (International Telecommunication Union). 2019. Disruptive technologies and their use in disaster risk reduction and management. Geneva: ITU.
    Kameda, H. 2009. Implementation technology for disaster risk reduction. In Disaster management: Global challenges and local solutions, ed. R. Shaw, and R. Krishnamurthy, 206–219. Hyderabad: University Press.
    Mavrodieva, A., and R. Shaw. 2020. Disaster and climate change issues in Japan’s Society 5.0—A discussion. Sustainability 12(5): Article 1893.
    PWC (PricewaterhouseCoopers). 2019. The Essential Eight technologies that matter most for business today. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/issues/technology/essential-eight-technologies.html. Accessed 7 Mar 2020.
    SCJ (Science Council of Japan). 2015. Tokyo conference: Tokyo statement and Tokyo action agenda. Tokyo: Science Council of Japan. https://www.scj.go.jp/en/. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
    Shaw, R., F. Mallick, and Y. Takeuchi. 2011. Essentials of higher education in disaster risk reduction: Prospects and challenges. In Disaster education. Community, environment and disaster risk management, Vol. 7, ed. R. Shaw, K. Shiwaku, and Y. Takeuchi, 95–113. Bingley: Emerald Publishing.
    Shaw, R., T. Izumi, and P. Shi. 2016. Perspectives of science and technology in disaster risk reduction in Asia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 7(4): 329–342.
    Starkey, E., G. Parkin, S. Birkinshaw, A. Large, P. Quinn, and C. Gibson. 2017. Demonstrating the value of community-based (‘citizen science’) observations for catchment modelling and characterization. Journal of Hydrology 548: 801–817.
    UN (United Nations). 1993. United Nations International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction Report of the Scientific and Technical Committee on its Third Session, Geneva, 16–20 March 1992. Natural Hazards 7(1): 83–98.
    UN (United Nations). 1994. Yokohama strategy and plan of action for a safer world. https://www.unisdr.org/files/8241_doc6841contenido1.pdf. Accessed 16 Nov 2019.
    UN (United Nations). 1999. Programme Forum of International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction./ https://www.un.org/press/en/1999/19990707.IHA682.html. Accessed 16 Nov 2019.
    UN (United Nations). 2005. Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. https://www.preventionweb.net/files/1217_HFAbrochureEnglish.pdf. Accessed 4 Mar 2020.
    UN (United Nations). 2015. Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030. Geneva: UN.
    UN (United Nations). 2019. Sendai framework voluntary commitments synthesis and analysis report 2019. Geneva: UN.
    UNDRR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction). 2019a. Global Assessment Report on disaster risk reduction. Geneva: UNDRR.
    UNDRR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction). 2019b. The Science and Technology Road Map to support the implementation of the Sendai Framework for disaster risk reduction: 2015–2030, GSTAG (Global Science Technology Advisory Group of UNDRR). Geneva: UNDRR
    UNISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction). 2005. Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015. Geneva: UNISDR.
    WEF (World Economic Forum). 2019. The Global Risk Report. Davos: World Economic Forum.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (3) PDF downloads(0) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return