Feng Zhang, Jing'ai Wang, Xueyong Zou, Rui Mao, Daoyi Gong, Xingya Feng. Wind Erosion Climate Change in Northern China During 1981–2016[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 484-496. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00291-w
Citation: Feng Zhang, Jing'ai Wang, Xueyong Zou, Rui Mao, Daoyi Gong, Xingya Feng. Wind Erosion Climate Change in Northern China During 1981–2016[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 484-496. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00291-w

Wind Erosion Climate Change in Northern China During 1981–2016

doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00291-w

This work was financially supported by the Science Fund for Creative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41621061)

and the State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology (Grant No. 2017-ZY-05).

the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 41630747, 41671501, 41571039)

  • Available Online: 2021-04-26
  • Wind erosion is largely controlled by climate conditions. In this study, we examined the influences of changes in wind speed, soil wetness, snow cover, and vegetation cover related to climate change on wind erosion in northern China during 1981–2016. We used the wind erosion force, defined as wind factor in the Revised Wind Erosion Equation Model, to describe the effect of wind speed on wind erosion. The results show that wind erosion force presented a long-term decreasing trend in the southern Northwest, northern Northwest, and eastern northern China during 1981–2016. In the Gobi Desert, the wind erosion force presented for 1981–1992 a decreasing trend, for 1992–2012 an increasing trend, and thereafter a weakly decreasing trend. In comparison to wind speed, soil wetness and snow cover had weaker influences on wind erosion in northern China, while vegetation cover played a significant role in the decrease of wind erosion in the eastern northern China during 1982–2015.
  • loading
  • Allen, R.G., L.S. Pereira, D. Raes, and M. Smith. 1998. Crop evapotranspiration-guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO irrigation and drainage paper 56. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
    Bryan, B.A., L. Gao, Y. Ye, X. Sun, J.D. Connor, N.D. Crossman, S.-S. Mark, J. Wu, et al. 2018. China’s response to a national land-system sustainability emergency. Nature 559(7713): 193–204.
    Buschiazzo, D.E., and T.M. Zobeck. 2008. Validation of WEQ, RWEQ and WEPS wind erosion for different arable land management systems in the Argentinean Pampas. Earth Surface and Processes Landform 33(12): 1839–1850.
    Chi, W., Y. Zhao, W. Kuang, and H. He. 2019. Impacts of anthropogenic land use/cover changes on wind erosion in China. Science of the Total Environment 668: 204–215.
    China, People’s Republic of. Ministry of Water Resources. 2013. Bulletin of first national census for soil and water conservation. Soil and Water Conservation in China 10: 2–11 (in Chinese).
    Dong, Y., and G. Kang. 1994. Study on the wind erosion climatic erosivity in arid and semi-arid areas in China. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 8(3): 1–7 (in Chinese).
    Du, H., T. Wang, and X. Xue. 2017. Potential wind erosion rate response to climate and land- use changes in the watershed of the Ningxia-Inner Mongolia reach of the Yellow River, China, 1986–2013. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 42(13): 1923–1937.
    Elliott, D.L. 1979. Adjustment and analysis of data for regional wind energy assessments. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Wind Climate, 12–13 November 1979, ed. K.C. Mehta, 121–131. Asheville, NC: Electric Power Research Institute and The National Science Foundation.
    FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 1979. A provisional methodology for soil degradation assessment. Rome, Italy: FAO.
    Fryrear, D., A. Saleh, J. Bilbro, H. Schomberg, J. Stout, and T. Zobeck. 1998. Revised wind erosion equation (RWEQ). Technical bulletin no. 1. Lubbock, TX: Southern Plains Area Cropping Systems Research Laboratory, Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service.
    Fryrear, D.W., M.M. Wassif, S.E. Tadrus, and A.A. Ali. 2008. Dust measurements in the Egyptian northwest coastal zone. Transactions of the ASABE [American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers] 51(4): 1255–1262.
    Guo, Z., T.M. Zobeck, J.E. Stout, and K.L. Zhang. 2012. The effect of wind averaging time on wind erosivity estimation. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 37(7): 797–802.
    Guo, Z., T.M. Zobeck, K. Zhang, and F. Li. 2013. Estimating potential wind erosion of agricultural lands in northern China using the revised wind erosion equation and geographic information systems. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 68(1): 13–21.
    Han, L. 2019. Temporal and spatial variation characteristics of wind speed and its influence on wind erosion climatic erosivity in the wind erosion region of Northern China. Yantai, China: Ludong University (in Chinese).
    Huang, L., P. Zhu, T. Xiao, and G. Gong. 2018. The sand fixation effects of Three-North Shelter Forest Program in recent 35 years. Scientia Geographica Sinica 38(4): 600–609 (in Chinese).
    Jarrah, M., S. Maye, J. Tatarko, R. Funk, and K. Kuka. 2020. A review of wind erosion models: Data requirements, processes, and validity. CATENA 187: Article 104388.
    Li, P., L. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Bai, and S. Chen. 2018. Wind erosion enhanced by land use changes significantly reduces ecosystem carbon storage and carbon sequestration potentials in semiarid grasslands. Land Degradation & Development 29(10): 3469–3478.
    Liu, J., J. Ning, W. Kuang, X. Xu, S. Zhang, C. Yan, R. Li, S. Wu, et al. 2018. Spatiotemporal patterns and characteristics of land-use change in China during 2010–2015. Acta Geographica Sinica 73(5): 789–802 (in Chinese).
    Mao, R., C.-H. Ho, S. Feng, D.-Y. Gong, and Y. Shao. 2013. The influence of vegetation variation on Northeast Asian dust activity. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 49(1): 87–94.
    Pinzon, J.E., and C.J. Tucker. 2014. A non-stationary 1981–2012 AVHRR NDVI3g time series. Remote Sensing 6(8): 6929–6960.
    Shao, Y., M. Klose, and K.H. Wyrwoll. 2013. Recent global dust trend and connections to climate forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118(19): 11107–11118.
    Shen, Y., C. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zou, and L. Kang. 2018. Statistical characteristics of wind erosion events in the erosion area of northern China. CATENA 167: 399–410.
    Shi, P., P. Yan, Y. Yuan, and M.A. Nearing. 2004. Wind erosion research in China: past, present and future. Progress in Physical Geography-Earth and Environment 28(3): 366–386 (in Chinese).
    Tucker, C.J., J.E. Pinzon, M.E. Brown, D.A. Slayback, E.W. Pak, R. Mahoney, E.F. Vermote, and N. Saleous. 2005. An extended AVHRR-8 km NDVI dataset compatible with MODIS and SPOT vegetation NDVI data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26(20): 4485–4498.
    Van Pelt, R.S., T.M. Zobeck, K.N. Potter, J.E. Stout, and T.W. Popham. 2004. Validation of the wind erosion stochastic simulator (WESS) and the revised wind erosion equation (RWEQ) for single events. Environmental Modelling & Software 19(2): 191–198.
    Wagner, L.E. 2013. A history of wind erosion prediction models in the United States Department of Agriculture: The Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS). Aeolian Research 10: 9–24.
    Wang, J. 2007. Textbook of Chinese geography. Beijing, China: Higher Education Press.
    Wu, Z., M. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Du. 2019. Vegetation and wind erosion dynamics of sandstorm control programs in the agro-pastoral transitional zone of northern China. Frontiers of Earth Science 13(2): 430–443.
    Yang, F.B., and C.H. Lu. 2016. Assessing changes in wind erosion climatic erosivity in China’s dryland region during 1961–2012. Journal of Geographical Sciences 26(9): 1263–1276.
    Yang, L., J. Kun, S. Liang, M. Liu, X. Wei, Y. Yao, X. Zhang, and D. Liu. 2018. Spatio-temporal analysis and uncertainty of fractional vegetation cover change over northern China during 2001–2012 based on multiple vegetation data sets. Remote Sensing 10(4): Article 549.
    Zhang, H., J. Fan, W. Cao, W. Harris, Y. Li, W. Chi, and S. Wang. 2018. Response of wind erosion dynamics to climate change and human activity in Inner Mongolia, China during 1990 to 2015. Science of the Total Environment 639: 1038–1050.
    Zhao, Y., W. Chi, W. Kuang, Y. Bao, and G. Ding. 2020. Ecological and environmental consequences of ecological projects in the Beijing–Tianjin sand source region. Ecological Indicators 112: Article 106111.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (3) PDF downloads(0) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint