Peijun Shi, Tao Ye, Ying Wang, Tao Zhou, Wei Xu, Juan Du, Jing'ai Wang, Ning Li, Chongfu Huang, Lianyou Liu, Bo Chen, Yun Su, Weihua Fang, Ming Wang, Xiaobin Hu, Jidong Wu, Chunyang He, Qiang Zhang, Qian Ye, Carlo Jaeger, Norio Okada. Disaster Risk Science: A Geographical Perspective and a Research Framework[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 426-440. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00296-5
Citation: Peijun Shi, Tao Ye, Ying Wang, Tao Zhou, Wei Xu, Juan Du, Jing'ai Wang, Ning Li, Chongfu Huang, Lianyou Liu, Bo Chen, Yun Su, Weihua Fang, Ming Wang, Xiaobin Hu, Jidong Wu, Chunyang He, Qiang Zhang, Qian Ye, Carlo Jaeger, Norio Okada. Disaster Risk Science: A Geographical Perspective and a Research Framework[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2020, 11(4): 426-440. doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00296-5

Disaster Risk Science: A Geographical Perspective and a Research Framework

doi: 10.1007/s13753-020-00296-5
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The authors appreciate the discussions with Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer, Ortwin Renn, Guoyi Han, and many BNU colleagues who helped to improve the paper. This study was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China, “Global Change Risks of Population and Economic Systems: Mechanisms and Assessments,” Grant No. 2016YFA0602404.

  • Available Online: 2021-04-26
  • In this article, we recall the United Nations' 30-year journey in disaster risk reduction strategy and framework, review the latest progress and key scientific and technological questions related to the United Nations disaster risk reduction initiatives, and summarize the framework and contents of disaster risk science research. The object of disaster risk science research is the “disaster system” consisting of hazard, the geographical environment, and exposed units, with features of regionality, interconnectedness, coupling, and complexity. Environmental stability, hazard threat, and socioeconomic vulnerability together determine the way that disasters are formed, establish the spatial extent of disaster impact, and generate the scale of losses. In the formation of a disaster, a conducive environment is the prerequisite, a hazard is the necessary condition, and socioeconomic exposure is the sufficient condition. The geographical environment affects local hazard intensity and therefore can change the pattern of loss distribution. Regional multi-hazard, disaster chain, and disaster compound could induce complex impacts, amplifying or attenuating hazard intensity and changing the scope of affected areas. In the light of research progress, particularly in the context of China, we propose a three-layer disaster risk science disciplinary structure, which contains three pillars (disaster science, disaster technology, and disaster governance), nine core areas, and 27 research fields. Based on these elements, we discuss the frontiers in disaster risk science research.
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